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.: Open Source Software

Open Source Software (OSS) (also abbreviated as FLOSS or FOSS) is adevelopment methodology giving full accessibility to a product's kernel (source code) making the final product free to use and to share. In the spirit of open source model, different approaches are used to develop software, allowing for concurrent input which is different from the more closed commercial approach. The principles and practices are commonly applied to the development of source code for software that is made available for public collaboration, and it is usually released as open-source software. The OSS programs are programs whose licenses give users the freedom to run the program for any purpose, to study and modify the program, and to redistribute copies of either the original or modified program (without having to pay royalties to previous developers) given that you respect the GPL licensing.

Under GPL we can found varieties of software ranging from Operating System to email software. One can use Mandriva, Debian, GNU or any other OS under UNIX (Linux) and have free access to an infinite amount of free software without even having to pay anything to developers. A huge compilation of free software (OSS) is available at GNUWin. The last CD (GNUWin II) includes numerous programs, completely free, which cover a wide spectrum of uses. The complete application list, sorted by type, is available here. The software included in GNUWin is not shareware nor freeware, but original free software and Open Source software, for which the source code is available, and that is and will always be free.

Major FOSS Projects:

Some important OSS/FS programs that are generally recognized as mature  include:
  1. Linux kernel,
  2. Apache (web server),
  3. Samba (supports interoperability with Windows clients by acting as a Windows file and print server),
  4. GNOME (a desktop environment),
  5. KDE (also a desktop environment),
  6. The GIMP (bitmapped image editor),
  7. MySQL (database emphasizing speed),
  8. PostgreSQL (database emphasizing functionality),
  9. PHP (hypertext preprocessor used for web development),
  10. Mailman (mailing list manager),
  11. XFree86 (graphics infrastructure which implements the X window system),
  12. bind (domain naming service, a critical Internet infrastructure service),
  13. GNU Compiler Collection (GCC, a suite of compilation tools for C, C++, and several other languages),
  14. Perl (programming/scripting language),
  15. Python (another programming/scripting language),
  16. Mozilla (web browser and email client),
  17. OpenOffice.org (office suite, including word processor, spreadsheet, and presentation software),
  18. the open source BSD Operating systems (FreeBSD (general purpose), OpenBSD (security-focused), NetBSD (portability-focused)).

A great deal of documentation is available at the Linux Documentation Project (LDP). See also this very instructive paper by David A. Wheeler giving a lot of info about FOSS/FOS.
A few acryonyms used in this small paragraph about FOSS/FS and their meaning:

Acronym    Meaning
GNU GNU’s Not Unix (a project to create an OSS/FS operating system)
GPL GNU General Public License (the most common OSS/FS license)
OS, OSes Operating System, Operating Systems


Open Source Software/Free Software/Free Open Source Software

Useful Macroeconomic Links


http://www.dsge.net  DSGE-NET is an international research network for DSGE modeling, monetary and fiscal policy. Various staffs on macro
and monetary policy fields.

http://www.dynare.org/     Dynare is a pre-processor and a collection of MATLAB or SCILAB routines which solve non--linear models with forward looking variables

http://www.wiwi.hu-berlin.de/wpol/html/toolkit.htm    A toolkit for analyzing nonlinear economic dynamic models easily: MATLAB programs.

http://www.economicsnetwork.ac.uk/links/data_free.htm Economic Data freely available online.

http://ese.rfe.org/  ESE uses Google to search the contents of more than 23,000 economics web sites.

http://www.ipl.org/ Librarian-selected Annotated links to quality online economics information sources.

http://www.economicindicators.gov/ key US economic indicators from the Bureau of Economic Analysis and the U.S. Census Bureau.

http://rfe.org/ Resources for Economists on the Internet sponsored by the American Economic Association (AEA).

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/0,,pagePK:180619~theSitePK:136917,00.html World Bank extensive data on the economies
of developing nations and regions of the world.

http://www.imf.org/external/ns/cs.aspx?id=28 IMF - The World Economic Outlook (WEO) database.

www.oecd.org/statsportal/ OECD Economic Outlook database

http://pwt.econ.upenn.edu/php_site/pwt62/pwt62_form.php Penn World Tables (population, GDP).

http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/unpp/panel_population.htm/ United Nations population forecasts.

geography.answers.com/population/ World population forecasts (Suggested by Answers.com).

http://sdw.ecb.int/ Europe (EU) Statistical Data Warehouse.

http://www.hcp.ma/ Moroccan High Commissioner for Statistics: Data and stats about the country.

http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AEA/ Home page of American Economic Association very useful for jobs opening, working paper (Published one) and other helpful links.

http://economics.ca/ Home page of the Canadian Economics Association.

http://www.nber.org/   The National Bureau of Economic Research is a research organization dedicated to promoting a greater understanding of how the economy works.

http://ideas.repec.org/  The largest bibliographic database dedicated to Economics and available freely on the Internet. You Can find there freely
downloadable working paper, freely distributed software, job opening, and more and more just give it a look and you'll see what I mean.

You may want to search for more info using google


You may also want  use an alternative search engine 


Some Economists’ Home Pages


Akerlof, G. A: http://emlab.berkeley.edu/users/akerlof/

Amano, R.: http://www.bankofcanada.ca/ec/ramano/

Ambler, S. : http://www.er.uqam.ca/nobel/r10735/

Auerbach, A. J.: http://www.econ.berkeley.edu/~auerbach/index.html

Bai, J.: http://www.econ.nyu.edu/user/baij/

Barro, R.: http://www.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/barro

Bernanke, B.: http://www.princeton.edu/~bernanke/ (Chairman of the FRS) - http://www.federalreserve.gov/aboutthefed/bios/board/bernanke.htm

Blanchard: O. J.: http://econ-www.mit.edu/faculty/blanchar/index.htm

Campbell, J. Y. http://www.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/campbell

 Christiano, L. J.: http://faculty.wcas.northwestern.edu/~lchrist/

Clarida, R.: http://www.columbia.edu/~rhc2/

Cooley, T.: http://w4.stern.nyu.edu/faculty/facultyindex.cgi?id=35

Davidson, J.: http://people.exeter.ac.uk/jehd201/

Diebold, F.X.: http://www.ssc.upenn.edu/~fdiebold/

Douch, M.: http://www.mdouch.net

Faria, J. R.: http://sites.google.com/site/jockafaria/home

Farmer, R.: http://farmer.sscnet.ucla.edu/

Favero, C.: http://didattica.unibocconi.eu/myigier/index.php?IdUte=48917

Friedman, M.: http://www.ideachannel.com/Friedman.htm

Fuhrer, J.: http://www.bos.frb.org/economic/econbios/fuhrer.htm

Gali, J.: http://www.crei.cat/people/gali/

Gertler, M.: http://www.econ.nyu.edu/user/gertlerm/

Granger, C.: http://economics.ucsd.edu/

Hall S.G.: http://www.niesr.ac.uk/staff/staffdetail2.php?StaffID=191

Hamilton, J. D.: http://weber.ucsd.edu/~jhamilto/

Hansen, B.: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/~bhansen/

Hansen, L. P.: http://home.uchicago.edu/~lhansen/

Hendry, D. F.: http://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/users/hendry/

Ireland, P.: http://fmwww.bc.edu/ec/ireland.php

Judd, K.: http://bucky.stanford.edu

Juselius K. : http://www.econ.ku.dk/okokj/

Kilian, L.: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~lkilian/

Kollman, R.: http://www.robertkollmann.com/

Levine, P.: http://www2.surrey.ac.uk/economics/people/paul_levine/

Li, Q.: http://econweb.tamu.edu/li/

McFadden, D.: http://www.econ.berkeley.edu/~mcfadden/

Monacelli, T.: http://didattica.unibocconi.eu/mypage/index.php?IdUte=49529&cognome=MONACELLI&nome=TOMMASO

Pagan, A.: http://www.economics.unsw.edu.au/nps/servlet/portalservice?GI_ID=System.LoggedOutInheritableArea&maxWnd=_Staff_AdrianPagan_

Perron, P.: http://econ.bu.edu/perron/

Pesaran, H. M.: http://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/faculty/pesaran/

Phelps, E.: http://www.columbia.edu/~esp2/

Prescott: E.C.: http://www.minneapolisfed.org/research/prescott/

Quah, D.: http://econ.lse.ac.uk/staff/dquah/index_own.html

Romer, C.: www.econ.berkeley.edu/~cromer/index.shtml

Romer, D.: http://elsa.berkeley.edu/~dromer/

Romer, P.: http://www.stanford.edu/~promer/

Samuelson, P.: http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2010/samuelson-memorial-0412.html

Sargent, T.: http://homepages.nyu.edu/~ts43/

Schorfheide, F.: http://www.econ.upenn.edu/~schorf/

 Sims, C.: http://www.princeton.edu/~sims/

 Söderlind, P.: http://home.datacomm.ch/paulsoderlind/

Solow, R.: http://homepage.newschool.edu/het/profiles/solow.htm

Stock, J.: http://www.economics.harvard.edu/faculty/stock

Svensonn, L.: http://people.su.se/~leosven/

Taylor, J.: http://www.stanford.edu/~johntayl/

 Uhlig, H.: http://www2.wiwi.hu-berlin.de/institute/wpol/html/uhlig/uhlig.html

Watson, M.: http://www.princeton.edu/~mwatson/

Woodford, M.: http://www.columbia.edu/~mw2230/

Disclaimer: Some information may have changed since this page was updated (Economists are generally in perpetual brownian motion)! Thanks for sending me any updated info !

Central Banks and Monetray Policy Making Institutions


The World Bank:  http://www.worldbank.org/

International Monetary Fund:   http://www.imf.org

US Federal Reserve Syatem:   http://www.federalreserve.gov/

European Central Bank:   http://www.ecb.int/home/html/index.en.html

Bank of Canada:   http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en

Reserve Bank of Australia:   http://www.rba.gov.au

Reserve Bank of New Zealand:   http://www.rbnz.govt.nz/

Reserve bank of India - India's Central Bank:   http://www.rbi.org.in/

Central Bank of Morocco - Bank Al Maghreb:   http://www.bkam.ma/

For more Central Banks follow the link bellow:   http://www.reserve-bank.com

Information included in this Web site and any copyrighted contents
Under The GNU General Public License are given for educational purposes only
This website is designed for educational purposes.

M. Douch PhD Web Page C- 2005 - 2017

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